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Les femmes et l'architecture
Interview de Susanna Torre une architecte américaine
Torre has built a practice based upon an intense theoretical, ethical, and civic sense of architecture and urban design. Her work, covering a range of scales, reveals the high value she places on continuous learning and engagement in mindful, ethical and moral discourse regarding design.1 She has taught and directed architecture programs,2 and engaged in creative research.3 She is an author, lecturer, and active practitioner who extends her work into civic and community action.4 Born in 1944 in Puan, Argentina, she has lived in the United States since 1968. Ms Torre was one of the founding members of the International Archive of Women in Architecture, located at Virginia Tech, and served on its board from 1985 – 1995.
She was recently elected Emerita Advisor of the IAWA. In 1977 the Architectural League of New York, through its Archive of Women in Architecture, published Women in American Architecture: a Historic and Contemporary Perspective. Torre edited and wrote the introduction and several segments to this book. She was project director for the exhibit, "Women in Architecture," which opened at the Brooklyn Museum in 1977 and then toured around the United States.
Where Are the Women Architects? Great Names and Forgotten Women in Architecture and Design
Born in Baghdad, Iraq in 1950, Zaha Hadid is the first woman to win a Pritzker Architecture Prize. Her work experiments with new spatial concepts and encompasses all fields of design, ranging from urban spaces to products and furniture.
Julia Morgan designed hundreds of homes, churches, office buildings, hospitals, stores and educational buildings in California, including the famous Hearst Castle.
Marion Mahony Griffin
Frank Lloyd Wright's first employee was a woman, and she became the world's first woman to be officially licensed as an architect. Like many other women who design buildings, Wright's employee was lost in the shadow of her male associates. Still, it's easy to speculate that Marion Mahony Griffin contributed greatly to Wright's career and also to the career of her husband, Walter Burley Griffin.
Denise Scott Brown
Over the past century, there have been many husband-wife teams. Typically the husbands have attracted the fame and glory while the women worked quietly (and some would argue, intelligently) in the background. However, Denise Scott Brown had already made important contributions to the field of urban design when she met and married her husband, Robert Venturi. Although he appears to be more frequently in the spotlight, her research and teachings have shaped modern understanding of the relationship between design and society.
Born in Argentina, Susana Torre is best known for her many renovations and remodelings in the United States.
Susana Torre, ed., Women in American Architecture: A Historic and Contemporary Perspective (New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1977).
Anna Keichline was the first woman to become a registered architect of Pennsylvania, but she is best known for inventing the hollow, fireproof "K Brick," which was a precursor to the modern concrete block.
More Women Architects
To learn about more famous women architects, explore this photo archive created by Mary Ann Sullivan for the Digital Imaging Project. The site includes photos of work by Gai Aulenti, Rebecca L. Binder, Denise Scott Brown, Julia Morgan, and Susana Torre.
From the College of Architecture and Urban Studies and the University Libraries at Virginia Tech, a huge collection of professional papers from women architects and designers, and the records of women's architectural organizations, from around the world.
Finnish Women Architects of the Early Twentieth Century
Finnish women began to study and practise architecture sooner than in many other countries. The Virtual Finland Web site has biographies and information about several of these early women architects.
While men built skyscrapers and monuments, our most intimate buildings -- the homes we live in -- have often been shaped by women. In 19th century America, many women designed and published building plans for their homes and barns.
Gender Space Architecture - An Interdisciplinary Introduction
This significant reader brings together for the first time the most important essays concerning the intersecting subjects of gender, space and architecture. Carefully structured and with numerous introductory essays, it guides the reader through theoretical and multi-disciplinary texts to direct considerations of gender in relation to particular architectural sites, projects and ideas. This collection marks a seminal point in gender and architecture, both summarizing core debates and pointing toward new directions and discussions for the future.
Editor : Jane Rendell, Barbara Penner, Iain Borden - ISBN10 : 0-203-44912-6 - p.448 - Originally Published : 23 Sep 1999
Bibliographie - architecture et genre
Clare Lorenz, Women in Architecture (New York: Rizzoli, 1990).
Margaret W. Love, "Ellamae Ellis League FAIA" (master's thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1981).
Susan Hunter Smith, "Women Architects in Atlanta, 1895-1979," Atlanta History Journal 23 (winter 1979-80): 85-108.
Susana Torre, ed., Women in American Architecture: A Historic and Contemporary Perspective (New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1977)
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